UN Monitoring and Dispute Settlement
Trends, Costs, and Proposals for Reform
The role of the United Nations in facilitating dispute settlement and establishing peacekeeping operations to monitor ceasefires and participate in other duties as assigned by the UN Security Council increased markedly in the 1990s. Between April 1988 and April 1994, a total of 20 peacekeeping operations were set up, involving 16 different situations. Since May 1994, however, the pace of Council creation of new UN controlled peacekeeping operations dropped noticeably. This reduction resulted, in part, from the U.S. decision, in Presidential Decision Directive 25, signed May 1994, to follow strict criteria for determining its support for an operation. This U.S….